GeoWorld Group: Scour and Erosion (TC213)
Short name: Scour and Erosion (TC213)
International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (ISSMGE)
Technical Committee 213, Scour and Erosion 2010-
The technical committee was initiated by ISSMGE to discuss scour processes and countermeasures in the geotechnical community, a topic that was covered primarily by hydraulic engineers and scientists. To spotlight the mutual effects of surface water, subsoil and pore water, the committee encourages hydraulic and geotechnical engineers to discuss the phenomenon of the interaction of water, soil and rock.
TC213 was instigated in 1997 as TC33 "Scour of Foundations" under ISSMGE President Ishihara by Jean-Louis Briaud from Texas A&M University (College Station, USA) who hold the chair from 1997 to 2009. In 2001 President van Impe proposed to change the name of the committee to "Geotechnics of Soil Erosion", giving the follower committee a broader scope, including subjects such as surface erosion, internal erosion in dams, etc. In 2010 Jean Louis Briaud was elected President of ISSMGE and committed the chair to Michael Heibaum. To stress the original topic, the final name of the Technical Committee was set to "Scour and Erosion". In 2015, the chair went to Richard Whitehouse. Shinji Sassa is the current chair of TC213.
The recent milestone of the TC is summarized by the slides with the title "Time Capsule Project (TCP)" and the links shown in the news and literature/publications section.
The wide issue of the TC is covered by biennial conferences, still following the original aim to find a combined geotechnical and hydraulic understanding of scour processes, but discussing as well other consequences of the interaction of water, soil and rock.
In 2010 it was decided to include in TC213 the discussion of filtration processes. This issue had been covered by four "GeoFilters" conferences in 1992 (Karlsruhe, Germany), 1996 (Montreal, Canada), 2000 (Warszawa, Poland) and 2004 (Johannesburg, South Africa). This series of conferences was not followed up, since any issues of filtration are discussed in the TC213 conferences since 2006.
Anchored Erosion Protective Mesh (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Michael Heibaum 2014)
Bedrock Bank Erosion (Chou-Shui River, Taiwan, Chung-Ta Liao 2015)
Bedrock Erosion With Bridge Failure (Tou-Chien River, Taiwan, Chung-Ta Liao 2014)
Water Erosion (Uluru, Australia, Michael Heibaum 2008)
Wind Erosion (Uluru, Australia, Michael Heibaum 2008)
Winnowing Damage (missing filter under armour, Brunei, Michael Heibaum 2008)
Rill- and Gully Erosion (Karlsruhe, Germany, Michael Heibaum 2002)
Bank Erosion (Irrawaddy, Myanmar, Michael Heibaum 2003)
Coastal Erosion (12 Apostels, Gt.Ocean Rd, Australia Michael Heibaum 2009)
Coastal Erosion (London Bridge, Gt.Ocean Rd, Australia, Michael Heibaum 2009)
Coastal Erosion (The Arch, Gt.Ocean Rd, Australia, Michael Heibaum 2009)
Coastal Erosion (Island Arch, Gt.Ocean Rd, Australia, Michael Heibaum 2009)
Ship Induced Waves (Wesel Datteln Canal, Germany, Michael Heibaum 2002)
Eroded Tree Roots (Mekong, Cambodia, Hannes Poellmann 2007)
Bank Erosion (Kok River, Chiang Rai, Tailand, Michael Heibaum 2004)
Further references are welcome (English titles only). We appreciate also to receive complete copy-right-free publications to be listed and offered for download. Please contact [email protected].
Arneson L.A., Zevenbergen L.W., Lagasse P.F., Cloppe P.E., Evaluating Scour at Bridges, Fifth Edition, Report No. FHWA-HIF-12-003, Federal Highway Administration, Hydraulic Engineering, Circular No. 18 (HEC-18), pp 320. PDF-Download.
Austroads, Waterway design: A Guide to the Hydraulic Design of Bridges, Culverts, and Floodways. Austroads National Office, P.O. Box K659, Haymarket NSW 2000, Australia. Tel: (02)-264-088, Fax: (02)-264-1657. Website: http://www.austroads.com.au
Briaud J.-L., Chen H.-C., Chang K.-A., Oh S.J., Chen S., Wang J., Li Y., Kwak K., Nart-jaho P., Gudaralli R., Wei W., Pergu S., Cao Y.W., Ting F., The Sricos-Efa Method Summary Report. Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA
Hoffmans G.J.C.M., Verheij H.J., 1997, Scour Manual, A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 205. This document can be obtained from the Balkema website: http://balkema.nl
Hoffmans G.J.C.M., 2012, The Influence of Turbulence on Soil Erosion. Delft: Eburon. ISBN: 9789059726826, 260 S.
HR Wallingford Ltd., Hydraulic Aspects of Bridges: Assessment of the Risk of Scour February 1993, Report EX 2502, Howbery Park, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, OX1O 8BA, UK, Approximately 70 pages. This document can be obtained by contacting Mr. Benn at [email protected]
Lagasse P.F., Zevenbergen L.W., Spitz W.J., Arneson L.A., Stream Stability at Highway Structures, Fourth Edition, Report No. FHWA -HIF-12-004, Federal Highway Administration, Hydraulic Engineering Circular No. 20 (HEC-20), pp 328. Website: https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/engineering/hydraulics/scourtech/stream.cfm
Lagasse P.F., Zevenbergen L.W., Arneson L.A., Clopper P.E., Pagán-Ortiz J.E., Schall J.D., Girard L.G., 2009, Bridge Scour and Stream Instability Countermeasures - Experience, Selection, and Design Guidelines, Third Edition, Report FHWA NHI 09-111, (Volume 1) and FHWA NHI 09-112 (Volume 2), Federal Highway Administration, Hydraulic Engineering Circular No. 23 (HEC-23), U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. Website: https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/engineering/hydraulics/scourtech/stream.cfm
Melville B.W., Coleman S.E., 2000, Bridge Scour, Water Resources Publications, LLC., pp 550. This publication can be obtained by contacting Water Resources Publications, LLC., P.O. Box 260026, Highland Ranch, Colorado B0163-0026, USA or by visiting their website: http://www.wrpllc.com
Richardson E.V., Davis S.R., 1995, Evaluating Scour at Bridges, Federal Highway Administration Report no. FHWA-IP-90-017, Hydraulic Engineering Circular no. 18, pp 204. This document can be purchased by writing to the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA, 22161, USA. Tel: 703-487-4650 or by visiting their website: http://www.ntis.gov
Richardson E.V., Lagasse P.F., 1999, Stream Stability and Scour at Highway Bridges, Compendium of Papers ASCE Water Resources Engineering Conferences 1991 to 1998, American Society of Civil Engineers, 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Reston, Viriginia 20191-4400. Website: http://www.asce.org
Reddy C.N.V., Sassa, S., 2021, Scour and Erosion-Related Issues. Springer: Scour- and Erosion-Related Issues | SpringerLink
Sumer, B.M., Fredsøe, J., 2002, The Mechanics of Scour in the Marine Environment. World Scientific, 552pp. Website: http://www.worldscientific.com